Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrocarbons and Non-Hydrocarbon Gases in Gaseous Mixtures by Gas ChromatographyName übersetzen
NORM herausgegeben am 1.6.2020
Bezeichnung normen: ASTM D7833-20
Ausgabedatum normen: 1.6.2020
Zahl der Seiten: 10
Gewicht ca.: 30 g (0.07 Pfund)
Land: Amerikanische technische Norm
Kategorie: Technische Normen ASTM
gas analysis, gas chromatography, gas sampling valve, hydrocarbons, non-hydrocarbon gases,, ICS Number Code 75.160.30 (Gaseous fuels)
|Significance and Use|
5.1 The hydrocarbon component distribution of gaseous mixtures is often required for end-use sale of this material. Applications such as chemical feedstock or fuel require precise compositional data to ensure uniform quality. Trace amounts of some hydrocarbon impurities in these materials can have adverse effects on their use and processing. Certain regulations may require use of such method.
5.2 The component distribution data of gaseous mixtures can be used to calculate physical properties such as relative density, vapor pressure, and heating value calculations found in Practice . Precision and accuracy of compositional data is extremely important when this data is used to calculate various properties of petroleum products.
1.1 This test method is intended to quantitatively determine the non-condensed hydrocarbon gases with carbon numbers from C1 to C5+ and non-hydrocarbon gases, such as H1.2 Hydrogen sulfide can be detected but may not be accurately determined by this procedure due to loss in sample containers or sample lines and possible reactions unless special precautions are taken.
1.3 Non-hydrocarbon gases have a lower detection limit in the concentration range of 0.03 to 100 mole percent using a thermal conductivity detector (TCD), and C1.3.1 Hydrocarbon detection limits can be reduced with the use of pre-concentration techniques or cryogenic trapping, or both.
1.4 This test method does not fully determine individual hydrocarbons heavier than benzene, which are grouped together as C7+. When detailed analysis is not required, the compounds with carbon number greater than C1.5 Water vapor may interfere with the C1.6 Helium and argon may interfere with the determination of hydrogen and oxygen respectively. Depending on the analyzer used, pentenes, if present, may either be separated or grouped with the C6+ components.
1.7 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.9 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.
|2. Referenced Documents|
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